OverviewThe following is a list of selected publications available for download from the National Institute for Excellence in Teaching. To view the full list of publications within each category, click on the individual sections.
Staying Power: The Impact of the TAP System on Retaining Teachers Nationwideby NIET
Each year teacher turnover presents instructional, organizational, and financial burdens that impact students, teachers, schools and communities. High levels of teacher turnover drain valuable resources and make it difficult to build a high-performing, stable teaching faculty. This is particularly true in high-need schools where teacher attrition levels are higher than average. This paper examines the impact of the TAP System on retaining teachers, and ultimately, on retaining effective teachers. Results of the study, which examines over 12,000 teachers across ten states, show that TAP System schools retain approximately 14% more teachers than comparable non-TAP schools. Further, teachers in the TAP System schools significantly increased their effectiveness from one school year to the next. This paper demonstrates the power of the TAP System to retain effective teachers and discusses the associated benefits to retaining more effective teachers.
TAP Research Summaryby NIET
For over a decade, TAP™: The System for Teacher and Student Advancement has pioneered a comprehensive approach to school reform focused on the quality of teaching and the advancement of effective teachers in schools. Researchers at NIET and elsewhere have studied TAP's effectiveness at raising student achievement, improving the quality of instruction and increasing the ability of high-need schools to recruit, retain and support teachers. This document describes some of the most important results that have emerged from the research to date.
TAP High School Symposium: Lessons Learned from Principals and Teachersby NIET
Since the 1999-2000 school year, TAP™: The System for Teacher and Student Advancement (TAP) has been implemented in hundreds of schools across the nation and demonstrated an ability to raise student achievement, improve the quality of instruction and increase the ability of high-need schools to recruit, retain and support effective teachers. The TAP System has been implemented in schools across nearly 20 states in urban, suburban, rural, and tribal districts, as well as at the elementary, middle, junior, and high school levels. Throughout TAP's 15-year history, much information has been learned with regard to the most effective and efficient method to ensure high fidelity implementation. As NIET continues to expand its partnerships with schools, this document specifically examines NIET's lessons learned for implementation procedures at the high school level.
TAP System Leads to Improved Achievement and Practice in Louisianaby Dale Mann, Ph.D., Trevor Leutscher, Ph.D., R. Martin Reardon, Ph.D.
This third-party study documents how TAP: The System for Teacher and Student Advancement improves student achievement and teacher practices compared to similar schools. Conducted by Interactive, Inc., a national firm specializing in education program evaluation, the two-year study included schools from across Louisiana, including elementary, middle, and high schools in urban, suburban, and rural communities. Louisiana was selected because it has one of the longest standing TAP implementations reaching back to 2001, with nearly 80 schools participating in the 2012-2013 school year. The study’s lead author, Dr. Dale Mann, concluded that “the TAP schools outperform the comparison schools despite the fact that some of the comparison schools had ‘teacher coaches,’ ‘teacher leaders,’ and Professional Learning Communities that resemble TAP’s cluster groups, etc. The multiple, positive outcomes from the TAP System-participating schools makes the point that intensive, comprehensive, and sustained interventions are necessary to transform schooling.”
Preparing Teachers for the Common Core: Aligning Standards for Teaching with Standards for LearningAugust 2013
As states and districts adopt more challenging standards for students outlined in the Common Core State Standards (Common Core), teachers must align classroom instruction to new student learning standards. This paper explores how the TAP Teaching Standards, and the specific instructional practices they describe, enable teachers to more effectively teach to the Common Core. The paper also describes how states and districts can use the TAP Teaching Standards to ensure that teacher evaluation systems are aligned with Common Core requirements.
Increasing Educator Effectiveness: Lessons Learned from Teacher Incentive Fund Sitesby Jonathan Eckert
In Increasing Educator Effectiveness: Lessons Learned from Teacher Incentive Fund Sites, researcher and author Jonathan Eckert finds that approaches spurred by the federal Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) to change the ways that educators are trained, supported, evaluated and compensated are "good investments" to strengthen teaching and learning. The report comes to these conclusions through the examination of the federal program's impact on teachers, students and policy-at-large at nine different sites in Louisiana, Arizona, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Indiana and Tennessee. This is a follow-up to Eckert's 2010 report, Performance-Based Compensation: Design and Implementation at Six Teacher Incentive Fund Sites, funded by the Joyce and Gates Foundations.
The Effectiveness of TAP: Research Summary 2012by NIET
For over a decade, TAP™: The System for Teacher and Student Advancement has pioneered a comprehensive approach to school reform focused on the quality of teaching and the advancement of effective teachers in schools. This comprehensive system of reform is reaching about 20,000 teachers and 200,000 students across the country in the 2011-2012 school year. Researchers at NIET and elsewhere have studied TAP's effectiveness at raising student achievement, improving the quality of instruction and increasing the ability of high-need schools to recruit, retain and support teachers. This document describes some of the most important results that have emerged from the research to date.
Beyond Job Embedded: Ensuring That Good Professional Development Gets Resultsby National Institute for Excellence in Teaching
Recent research has proven that "job-embedded" professional development (PD) can improve instruction and student learning—if there is a sufficient infrastructure in place to support, oversee and reinforce it. In this report, NIET outlines how it uses TAP: The System for Teacher and Student Advancement to ensure that "job-embedded" PD—professional development delivered by site-based teacher leaders during the school day—results in student academic growth. Specifically, NIET describes how TAP incorporates a structure to maximize the impact of collaborative learning teams and instructional coaching—both strategies that recent studies found to be potentially effective. TAP also takes the critical next step to support, oversee and reinforce PD through a range of other mechanisms, including explicit teacher leadership roles, clear but achievable responsibilities for principals, schoolwide instructional leadership teams, and alignment with other human resource strategies.
Algiers Charter Schools Association (ACSA) Report Demonstrates Significant and Sustained Progress under a Teacher Incentive Fund Grantby Algiers Charter Schools Association
The Algiers charter schools serve some of the highest-need students in New Orleans. In an effort to close significant achievement gaps, the leadership of each school, and of ACSA, made improving classroom instruction their top priority. A federal Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grant enabled them to use the nationally proven TAP system to build instructional excellence in their schools. Now in the fifth and final year of TIF, schools in ACSA have closed the achievement gap and, in fact, their students now exceed state proficiency levels in English/Language Arts and math. ACSA schools have also increased their graduation rates to 94 percent. In addition, in the 2010-11 school year, 70 percent of ACSA special needs students graduated high school compared to a statewide graduation rate of only 40 percent. This is the kind of transformational change made possible by the Teacher Incentive Fund. The Report discusses Algiers schools' successes and challenges over the course of the grant and profiles each of the schools.
Algiers Charter Schools Association (ACSA) Report Demonstrates Significant and Sustained Progress under a Teacher Incentive Fund Grant
More than Measurement: The TAP System's Lessons Learned for Designing Better Teacher Evaluation Systemsby Craig Jerald and Kristan Van Hook
As the longest-standing and most successful effort to radically revamp teacher evaluation using multiple measures including student achievement gains, TAP: The System for Teacher and Student Advancement provides a powerful set of lessons learned. In this paper, researcher and writer Craig Jerald worked with Kristan Van Hook of NIET and TAP practitioners to distill the key elements of TAP's successful teacher evaluation into ten essential recommendations useful to states and districts in redesigning their own systems.
More than Measurement: The TAP System's Lessons Learned for Designing Better Teacher Evaluation Systems
A Teacher Evaluation System That Worksby Glenn Daley and Lydia Kim
The NIET Working Paper A Teacher Evaluation System That Works analyzes evidence from TAP's work in the field that validates the strength of TAP's evaluation system in differentiating effective from ineffective teaching; producing classroom evaluations and value-added student growth evaluations that are correlated with and complementary to each other; providing useful information to enable teachers to improve their practice over time; and contributing to an increase in the retention of effective teachers as compared to ineffective teachers. The Research Brief summarizes the findings.
Performance-Based Compensation: Design and Implementation at Six Teacher Incentive Fund Sitesby Dr. Jonathan Eckert
Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Joyce Foundation, this paper presents an analysis of six sites that are implementing teacher and principal compensation reforms under the Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF). Of the six sites studied, four are implementing TAP. Through interviews, focus groups, data analysis and site-based observations, Eckert identified a number of similarities in the design and implementation of these projects. From Eckert's analysis, these common practices contributed to promising results in these six TIF sites and provide insight for states and districts looking to design effective performance-based compensation systems.
The Effects of Performance-Based Teacher Pay on Student Achievementby Sally Hudson
Published by the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, this study finds that schools implementing the comprehensive TAP system increase student achievement gains more than similar non-TAP schools. Conducted by Sally Hudson under the guidance of Scott and Donya Bommer Professor in Economics Caroline Hoxby, this paper examines the impact of TAP on student growth in 151 TAP schools in 10 states. Hudson evaluates the effects of TAP on state achievement exam scores in mathematics and reading using synthetic control matching. These student achievement results are particularly relevant as policymakers consider the impact of performance-based compensation reform applied as part of a comprehensive system supporting teacher and principal improvement.
Aligned by Design: How Teacher Compensation Reform Can Support and Reinforce Other Educational Reformsby Craig Jerald for the Center for American Progress (CAP)
Written for CAP by leading education researcher Craig Jerald, this report counteracts the failures of existing professional development and evaluation systems by citing TAP as a comprehensive system that reforms teacher compensation, along with other support structures, in an effective and sustainable way. Jerald uses TAP to illustrate the importance of building human capital at the school and district levels. The report notes that performance compensation for master and mentor teachers in TAP schools—the "less famous" aspect of this performance-pay reform—is essential to its ability to not only recognize and reward effective teaching but to also systemically generate improvements in teacher effectiveness.
Aligned by Design: How Teacher Compensation Reform Can Support and Reinforce Other Educational Reforms
TAP BrochureThe TAP brochure offers information about the TAP system's goals, elements and proven results in raising student achievement across a diverse set of urban, suburban and rural schools throughout the country. It also provides ways in which individuals, foundations and corporations can partner with TAP to help expand and sustain the system.
TAP System Training Portal BrochureThe TAP System Training Portal brochure provides an overview of the portal's features— including the extensive TAP Strategies Database and Video Library—as well as information about how to sign up.
TAP in Focus IVTAP in Focus IV covers the powerful impact of master teachers on schools and teachers' careers; a conversation with NIET President and CEO Dr. Gary Stark about NIET's growth and future outlook; new and expanded higher education partnerships with ASU and Texas Tech; new research results; a look inside Iowa's STEM efforts with TAP; TAP System Training Portal enhancements; and a Center for American Progress report on the sustained benefits of high-quality professional development.
Frank Patranella, Master Teacher, Audelia Creek Elementary School, Dallas, Texas
" . . . After explaining TAP to those possibly interested in coming to our school, they would say things like, 'When can I start?’ . . . 'Oh, I have options!' As a career teacher I can actually move up and do other things."